Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Its people have an extensive history and its rich culture is consisting of the traditions of more than 250 ethnic groups. Nigeria is by far the most populous country in Africa. The country holds the distinction of being called the »Giant of Africa«. This stature comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population, and the country's oil and other natural resources, which have allowed Nigeria to dominate the West African economy and its politics.